What Is The Best Diet For Hypothyroidism?
Great emphasis is being given to closely monitored hypothyroidism diet in the modern times to check health problems on account of under-performance of the thyroid gland in human beings.
The thyroid gland that is situated in the front of the wind pipe just below the Adam’s apple, generates iodine-containing hormones, which control the body’s metabolic rate – the pace at which food and oxygen are used up to release energy for growth, workout and periods of stress. Iodine is essential in our diet for the normal functioning of the thyroid gland.
Iodine deficiency is one of most common diet-related diseases, which leads to a condition called endemic goiter. The term goiter denotes the enlargement of the thyroid gland, which is related to the condition.
Iodine deficiency is rarely seen in the developed world, normally occurring in such regions where dietary iodine intake is low owing to low levels of the mineral in soil and water available in that region. In such regions, the quantity of iodine in the diet should be increased. The best food sources are saltwater fish and seaweed.
For those who suffer from under-performing thyroid gland, a planned hypothyroidism diet containing whole grains, fruits and vegetables along with a regular dose of multivitamins help greatly. At the same time, foods containing raw cabbage, turnips, cauliflower and broccoli should be avoided.
Hypothyroidism, the term used to refer to under-active thyroid gland, causes the body’s metabolic mechanism to slow down considerably. An under-active thyroid gland leads to the formation of goiter. The illness develops slowly and the early signs consist of tiredness, absent-mindedness, increase in weight, and sensitivity to cold, constipation, dry skin and dry hair.
If the condition is on account of an auto-immune disease, hypothyroidism arises because the body develops antibodies against its own thyroid gland, leading to a marked reduction in hormone production. Hypothyroidism is normally seen in the elderly people, but is also known to affect people of all ages. If it occurs in small children, it may cause retarded growth, affect normal brain development and also delay sexual maturity. Well-balanced hypothyroidism diet is prescribed to people suffering from under-active thyroid gland, to prevent the condition from aggravating.
As a precaution, infants are now screened for it at birth itself, so that proper diet and medications may be started at a young age. Patients with thyroid disease have a reduced capacity to convert beta carotene – found in some orange-colored fruit and vegetables and in dark green leafy vegetables – to vitamin A. This leads to concentration of carotene in the blood and tissues, lending a yellow pallor to the skin.
There are some people who are unduly health conscious and include high does of iodine in their food, in the form of iodine supplements, which is not the right thing to do. A regular visit to the doctor and consultation is very essential, to follow the ideal diet regimen. A hypothyroidism diet consisting of plenty of water, fiber-rich foods, fruits and vegetables, under medical supervision, will greatly improve metabolic rate and body’s capacity to burn fat.